Spinal Cord Injury Levels

Spinal Cord Injury Levels

Spinal cord injuries are some of the worst injuries you can sustain. It can result into sensory and motor problems that can significantly change your life. These injuries are sustained from traumatic events, such as traffic collisions, sports and recreation, and falls from elevated places.

The spinal cord is a complicated body part, so damaging different parts of it may result into different complications. Generally, the higher the injury in the spinal cord, the more severe it is. Using this reasoning, it can be argued that the worst spinal cord injuries are those from the top of the spinal cord.


The spinal cord can be divided into segments, and the top most segment is the cervical segment. Damaging this segment can have devastating consequences, such as quadriplegia. Quadriplegia is a kind of paralysis where the patient partially or totally loses sensory and motor functions of all four limbs. Patients who have sustained cervical injuries need assistance in their day to day activities.


This is the middle segment of the spinal cord. If this segment has sustained an injury, the patient may acquire paraplegia, or the partial or total loss of sensory and motor functions of the lower limbs. The upper limbs can be unaffected, but the lower limbs may require assistance so they can properly function. Getting braces for walking support is a good idea.


The lower segment of the spinal cord is called the lumbar. Sustaining damage in this section can result into lower torso problems, such as issues on bladder and bowel movement. The lower limbs can also be compromised, but they can remain functional by using braces and other walking supports.


This is the most bottom section of the spinal cord, and injuring it may have almost the same symptoms from the lumbar section. Bladder and bowel movement problems may arise, and the lower limbs may be compromised. The difference is that those who have suffered injuries in this section have higher chances of being able to walk.

Aside from the pain and suffering from spinal cord injuries, you can also lose significant time at work or school. Worse, you can lose your ability to work. This just proves that spinal cord injuries are seriously damaging.

According to the website of the Benton Law Firm, those who have sustained spinal cord injuries because of somebody else may get compensation from that guilty party. It is good to know that the law is on the side of the victims, but at the end of the day, money is not enough to offset the damages of spinal cord injuries.


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Temporary and Permanent Disability in Worker Compensation

Getting injured on the job is one of the worst things that could happen to a worker, especially if he or she is the primary earner in the family. There will be financial burdens such as medical costs, and the victim will also lose his or her earning capacity for a temporary or permanent time, depending on the injury sustained.

Because of all the damages that can be sustained, it is normal to expect the victim’s employer to at least help their employee. According to the website of the worker’s compensation attorneys at Evans Moore, LLC, there are legal options that can be pursued, such as compensation for temporary or permanent disability and workplace injury.

Temporary Disability
Temporary disability can be classified as partial and total. Temporary partial disability refers to the employee’s limited capability to fulfil his or her duties on a specific time frame, while temporary total disability refers to the employee’s total incapacity to perform his or her duties also on a specific time frame.

Permanent Disability
Permanent disability claims are for those who have sustained lifelong injuries, forever affecting their physical capability. An example of permanent disability is amputation. Like temporary disability, permanent disability can also be classified into partial and total.

Permanent partial disability occurs when the employee has sustained a lifelong injury and has limited his or her capability to fully fulfil the duties of the job, while permanent total disability occurs when the employee has been totally unable to fulfill his job on a lifelong basis as well.

Getting Compensation
There are instances where companies will do whatever they can to limit or totally deny their employees of worker’s compensation to save money. The financial burdens of temporary and permanent disabilities may be too great for the victim and his or her family, affecting the quality of their lives. For this reason, getting the help of legal professionals is not such a bad idea.

Since disabilities can be classified into four aspects, such as temporary partial, temporary total, permanent partial, and permanent total, the damages they pose also defer in severity. For this reason, the compensation for these classifications also vary.


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The Two Largest Federal Programs that are Designed to Provide Cash Benefits to Certain Disabled Citizens in the U.S.

The Social Security Disability Insurance (SSDI) and the Supplemental Security Income (SSI) are two large programs introduced by the Social Security Administration (SSA) in 1956 and 1974, respectively. These programs are designed to provide cash benefits to people with disabilities.

Despite both programs falling under the management of the SSA, each address different disability needs and have different requirements for qualification. SSDI, for instance, pays benefits to qualified SS insured members who may be 65 years old or below and who are also totally disabled. To qualify for payment, a member must meet the following requirements:

  • Had worked long enough (or recently enough) and have paid Social Security taxes while employed (these taxes are automatically deducted from workers’ monthly pay and are reflected in employees’ payslip under the heading FICA,which stands for Federal Insurance Contributions Act ;
  • Has earned the number of credits required by the SSA (workers earn four credits annually); and,
  • Is suffering from total disability which renders him/her (i) unable to perform his/her previous work, as well as any other work, due to the medical condition. This disability can also be expected to last for a year or more, or it can result in death.

A list medical conditions or an impairment listing manual or blue book, has been drawn up by the SSA; finding one’s disability in this list will automatically include him/her in the roster of disabled insured SS members. Not finding one’s health condition in the list, however, will require an evaluation by Social Security to determine if health condition is serious enough to be considered a form of total disability.

The Supplemental Security Income (SSI) Program is designed to provide non-taxable cash benefits to citizens who are, at least, 65 years old, blind or disabled (the meaning assigned to “disability” is the same with SSDI), and whose income or resources do not exceed the amount set under the federal benefit rate (FBR) which is determined by the federal government.

SSI provides non-taxable financial assistance to Americans, who are, at least, 65 years old, blind, or disabled (the meaning assigned to “disability” is the same with SSDI), and whose income or resources fall within the federal benefit rate (FBR) determined by the government. Earning of credits and employment in an SS covered job are not qualifying requirement under the SSI program (due to this, even children may be qualified to receive SSI cash benefits).

The primary intent of SSI benefits is to help provide for the basic needs of its beneficiaries. These basic needs include food, shelter and clothing. In some states, SSI benefits application is also considered as application for food stamps, while other states allow the benefits to be supplemented by Medicaid to cover prescriptions, doctor’s fee and other medical care costs.

As explained by the firm Hankey Law Office,though disability benefits vary by amount and duration, these remain to be a sure and reliable source of income that can make a world of difference in the lives of disabled individuals and their families. Thus, it may be best that applicants for this benefit be assisted by skilled SS benefit attorneys to make sure that all records pertinent to the application are prepared and submitted on time.


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An Easy, Simple and Fast Way to Getting All Your Auto Insurance Needs

In any part of the globe, the surest way for a driver not to fail in compensating anyone he or she may injure in an accident or whose property he or she may damage is by carrying auto insurance. This is the reason why in all U.S. states, whenever drivers renew their license, register their car, are stopped by a police officer or get involved in an accident, they are required to show proof that they carry auto liability insurance or any state-approved alternative to auto insurance coverage.

Auto liability insurance coverage was first made compulsory in 1925. This law, now known as Financial Responsibility law, was aimed at making sure that drivers at fault in accidents have the financial capability to compensate their victims for the damages and losses they are made to suffer.

Carrying auto liability insurance is just one of the ways through which drivers comply with the Financial Responsibility law and, in 48 states, this is just the way drivers show their compliance. New Hampshire is the only state where drivers are not mandated to carry auto insurance coverage, unless they have been cited for a DUI or reckless driving, or has injured or killed someone in an accident where they are at fault. Without any traffic rule violation, drivers can, instead, file an SR-22 or deposit securities or money with the state treasurer as an alternative to having an auto insurance policy. In another state, in Virginia, specifically, drivers may also just pay the state’s Department of Motor Vehicles (DMV) the required uninsured motor vehicle fee in lieu of purchasing an automobile liability insurance policy.

In states where auto liability insurance is mandated, 38 of these, which are known as “tort” or “fault” states, require drivers to carry tort insurance coverage; the remaining 12 states, known as “no-fault” states, require the “no-fault” auto insurance coverage on their drivers (although drivers in New Hampshire are not required to have auto insurance and drivers in Virginia have the option not to insure their vehicle, these two states require the tort insurance coverage for drivers who rather choose to carry auto insurance liability coverage).

Despite the mandate, more than 29 million drivers, according to Insurance Research Council (IRC), remain to be without car insurance due to the high cost of car insurance policies. Choosing an insurance policy that carries the type of coverage that drivers need and one that does not go beyond their budget in no longer much of a problem though with the help of car accident law firms like Habush Habush & Rottier S.C. ® for instance. Independent car insurance firms actually exist for this very purpose. Besides providing drivers with insurance quotes (as well quotes for their other needs, like SR-22), some of these firms also do the transaction with a driver’s chosen insurance provider. Not only do the quotes help drivers find the cheapest and best policies, the whole transaction itself is also easy, simple and fast.


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How to Spot an Abusive Nursing Home

Nursing homes are meant to be the reprieve of our elderly loved ones. After all, this is time and age where the children of many of the elderly generation are busy professionals and elderly folk need constant care and companionship in their old age.

It can be a difficult decision to decide that it might be the best option to admit an elderly loved one into a nursing home but sometimes, it is ultimately the most recommendable action to make. If your elderly relative, for example, is one who needs to be constantly monitored due to dementia or Alzheimer’s disease, it is necessary for them to be in a place that is safe, secure, and equipped with the necessary staff and medications in order to ensure their comfort and safety. However, there are instances wherein a nursing home doesn’t abide by the required standard of care.

This is not only potentially dangerous but also abusive as negligence of this caliber is simply unacceptable.

According to the website of the lawyers with the Chris Mayo Law Firm, some abuse victims are psychologically traumatized to the point where they believe their experience of abuse is something that they deserve. There are certain cases where abuse survivors fear retribution too much to speak out against their abusers. This is where noticing the signs of abuse can come in and you can help people who are not capable of helping themselves.

If your elderly relative used to be outgoing and sociable but then turned recluse and exceedingly anxious after their stay at a nursing home, there could be abuse present. If there is insufficient trained staff on hand to give individual care to each and every patient, that can constitute as nursing home abuse. If there is a room within the premises that is inaccessible to the public without due reason, there might be cause for suspicion. Every elderly patient in a nursing home is entitled to individual care that is attuned to their daily needs and if this standard of care is not met, it can warrant legal action under the grounds of nursing home abuse, which is a subset of personal injury.


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When is a Functional Capacity Evaluation Discriminatory?

Functional capacity evaluation, or FCE, is an assessment performed by qualified personnel to test if a returning worker is fit to work after an injury. Many employers choose to implement FCEs to ensure that the injured worker can perform their job without compromising their own safety and the safety of their colleagues. Furthermore, FCEs can be an effective tool in guarding against those who might be feigning their sickness to acquire leave benefits or workers’ compensation.

FCEs are designed to scientifically and objectively measure a worker’s abilities and limitations when it comes to performing specific tasks. When performed in an unscientific and subjective manner, however, these tests could be discriminatory, and thus unlawful.

According to the website of Cary Kane, LLP, anyone who feels that they have been discriminated at work with these tests might be eligible to file a complaint at the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC). But how can you know if an FCE is discriminatory? According to the EEOC, an FCE might be in violation of the law if:

  • The test elicits information about a disability, for instance, by asking disability-related inquiries, which could be in violation of the Americans with Disabilities Act. These may include questions about an employee’s disability and how they become disabled, and requests to provide medical documentation relating to their disability.
  • The test is “medical” in nature, which means it was done to reveal a worker’s mental and/or physical impairments. The EEOC weighs the validity of an FCE based on a variety of factors, including how invasive the test was (i.e., if it involves inserting catheters), whether it was administered and interpreted by a medical professional, and whether it was conducted in a medical setting and with medical equipment.

Furthermore, according to the EEOC, employers are only entitled to ask disability-related question or conduct medical examination to workers if they have a reasonable belief that it is “job-related and consistent with business necessity.” For instance, an employee working as a crane operator might be asked with disability-related inquiries if the medication he is taking for his hypertension makes him feel lethargic and unable to concentrate.


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What Bankruptcy can and can’t Do for You

People dealing with financial hardship can choose to file for bankruptcy to help them realign their finances and get back on track. According to the website of attorney Ryan J. Ruehle, LLC, with bankruptcy, people have the option to protect their most important assets while trying to restore their finances; and one of the ways on how bankruptcy does it is by eliminating or discharging certain types of debts.

Bankruptcy helps alleviate financial problems by wiping out unsecured debts, or debts not backed by an underlying asset (collateral). Credit card debts, including late payments and overdue, are just some of the many examples of dischargeable debt. Other common types of dischargeable debts are the following:

  • Medical bills
  • Utility bills (past dues only)
  • Debts in collections
  • Loans from family, friends
  • Auto accident claims, excluding those involving DUI

However, it is very important to note that not all debts are dischargeable under bankruptcy protection. Here are some types of debts that a bankruptcy filing cannot wipe out:

  • Domestic support obligations, such as spousal support and child support
  • Secured loans, or loans backed by an asset. This also means that if you fail to pay for a secured debt, bankruptcy cannot prevent a secured creditor from repossessing the property tied to it
  • Tax debts, unless they satisfy certain conditions
  • Fines caused by violating the law
  • Debts associated with claims of personal injury or wrongful death caused by your negligence (ex. drunk driving)

Furthermore, some debt categories are dischargeable depending on the type of bankruptcy filed. Chapter 13 bankruptcy, for instance, can eliminate some types of debts that a Chapter 7 bankruptcy can’t eliminate. These include certain debts arising out of property settlement between divorcing spouses (for instance, debts assigned to you on a joint credit card with your ex), malicious or willful damage to property (but not willful injury to another person), and debts incurred to settle non-dischargeable taxes.

Bankruptcy is a powerful tool that can help you work towards financial freedom. You only need to understand more about your circumstances in order to choose which type of bankruptcy best suits your situation.


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Car Accidents – Who is at Fault?

Proving someone else’s fault during a car accident is an immensely challenging task. If you have been involved in a car-related incident, the decision whether you or someone else is at fault can tremendously affect both parties involved. Apart from the financial damages the party at fault is obliged to pay, they may also be subject to criminal liability that could affect their personal and professional lives.

Memphis car accident attorneys would probably tell you that proving that someone else is at fault in a car accident would help injured victims deal with the financial damages brought about by long recovery period and lost time at work. But although proving someone else’s fault in an accident is typically a challenging task, here are some scenarios wherein you can be sure that the other party is almost always to blame:

  1. If you were hit by a left-turning car – In most cases, left-turning drivers are required to give way to drivers going straight. However, if the driver coming from the other direction is moving past the speed limit or has just run a red light, he/she might be at fault
  2. If you were rear-ended – Laws require drivers to be extra vigilant when hitting the road, and that includes maintaining a safe distance wherein the driver can safely apply brakes when the car in front suddenly stops, regardless of the reason

The website of The Benton Law Firm says that although some road-related incidents are purely accidental, most cases have been a result of another party’s negligence. Distracted driving and driving under the influence, for instance, account for a majority of car-related accidents in the country. Other possible causes of accidents include defectively manufactured car components, and substandard wheels and tires. In such cases, the victim may have the right to seek damages from the negligent manufacturer involved.


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Bladder Cancer: Its Symptoms and Risks

The bladder is an expandable muscular organ found just behind the pelvic bone. It is responsible in collecting urine excreted by the kidneys before urination. When empty, this sac-like organ is about the size of a pear. As the ureters (the tubes connecting the bladder and the kidneys) drain the kidneys of urine, the bladder expands and its wall becomes thinner to accommodate the fluid. The bladder needs to be about a quarter full before a person feels the urge to urinate.

When cancer cells develop anywhere in the bladder, bladder cancer occurs. Individuals suffering from bladder cancer may experience one or more of these signs and symptoms:

  • Frequent and painful urination
  • Hematuria, or blood in urine
  • Back and pelvic pain

Most cases of bladder cancer can be detected early with procedures such as cystoscopy, or the insertion of a narrow tube through the urethra to visually inspect any abnormality in the bladder and to obtain a cell sample. Imaging tests may also help detect and stage bladder cancer.

Assessing your risk of bladder cancer depends on many different factors. Environmental factors, such as exposure to chemicals and smoking may increase your risk of the disease. Similarly, a personal or family history of cancer, older age, being white and being a man may also increase your risk of the disease.

Apart from the risk factors above, certain medications have also been associated with bladder cancer. Actos, for instance, is an anti-diabetic drug linked to the development of this disease. According to www.williamskherkher.com its maker had failed to adequately warn consumers and healthcare professionals about the drug’s risk of this type of cancer.

If you are at risk of bladder cancer and are experiencing any of the symptoms above, consulting with a doctor immediately may result in prompt diagnosis and successful treatment.


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Why Investing in the Trucking Industry is Worth the Risks

The fluctuating prices of oil, stringent clean air regulations, and fewer new drivers who are entering the profession are just among the many factors why some might think that investing in the trucking industry is not worth the risks. But amid these drawbacks, many still see the industry as among the soundest and most stable sector to invest into. Below are just some of the many reasons why several people are drawn to investing in this industry.

Continuous Demand

A report by the Wall Street Journal revealed that the trucking industry is operating near its 100% capacity, which means that the country relies heavily on trucks to deliver their final goods to the consumers. Trucking industry emulates a country’s economic activity. As manufacturing and consumer spending become livelier and stronger, the demand for trucking services also increases.

Improved Cash Flow

There are many innovative business solutions now in place that ensure a seamless and secured cash flow for trucking businesses. According to the website of TBS Factoring Service, freight factoring, for instance, allows trucking companies and drivers to be paid right away by a factoring company after you deliver the goods to the receiver. Because you don’t have to wait for a few weeks to receive your payment from the broker, you are able to move on to your next load without much delay.

Cheaper Natural Gas

Today’s natural gas boom makes it more appealing to invest into the trucking industry. Knox News reported that more and more trucking fleets are now switching to compressed natural gas (CNG), which is cheaper than diesel or petrol. An increasing number of CNG refueling stations are also being built to accommodate for fleets that use natural gas. Also, because CNG emits fewer pollutants, such as nitrogen and sulfur oxides, it is considered more environment-friendly than its conventional counterparts.

Just like in any other sectors, investing in the trucking industry has its own set of risks and rewards. By studying closely the dynamic landscape of the trucking industry, you will be able to learn more about the challenges and what needs to be done to overcome them.


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